If all that information about the Zika virus went over your head, you’re not alone because it’s clearly not as simple as ABC.

The authorities have been giving us regular updates about the virus, but before you think it’s irrelevant to you, take a moment to read this.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States held a press conference yesterday to reveal a startling discovery. In February, the US reported their first case of Zika virus that was transmitted through sexual intercourse. This means, you’re likely to be infected if you have unprotected sex with a Zika-infected person. Prior to that, it was thought that the only way of transmission was through a mosquito bite.

If you’re pregnant, it could lead to malformation of your child once he or she is born, including microcephaly, a birth defect where a baby is born with an abnormally small head.

If you’re not pregnant, you should also be concerned because studies found that the virus can not only lead to paralysis, but also an autoimmune disorder known as acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, which can lead to swelling of the brain and spinal cord. Sounds scary? Yes.

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In Singapore, the Ministry of Health and National Environment Agency are taking extra precautions against Zika virus, including urging the public to practise the “10-minute 5-step Mozzie Wipeout” to curb breeding of mosquitos.

Although there has been no confirmed cases of Zika virus in Singapore, the government is not resting on their laurels and taking measures to prevent an outbreak.

Apart from practising the Mozzie Wipeout, we also suggest practising safe sex because it’s better to be safe than sorry (both when it comes to Zika virus and other sexually-transmitted diseases).

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