Have you noticed dark spots appearing on your face? Or you may have seen them on your hands, shoulders and back. In a nutshell, these dark spots are primarily a result of melanin production.
Melanin is a pigment that gives your eyes, skin and hair their colour. They are produced in the skin’s deeper layers to absorb the UV radiation of the sun’s rays and protect skin cells from being damaged by the UV rays. Moderate exposure to the sun will give you a nice and even tan, but prolonged sun exposure without adequate protection will result in an overproduction of melanin causing dark spots.
When the skin experiences inflammation or gets injured, there will also be an increase in melanin production as part of the skin’s healing process. In addition, age, genetics and hormonal changes have a part to play in the formation of dark spots too. We break down what the most common types of dark spots and what you can do to treat them.
Images: Unsplash, Pexels, Pixabay